Construction Site Dangers

Construction Site Dangers

by Marie King

List of construction site dangers

Construction sites are considered one of the most dangerous places to work. The equipment, required tasks, materials, proximity to electricity and excavation contribute to the dangers. OSHA cites falls, struck by, caught in between and electrocution as the greatest hazards at a construction site. Victims of these accidents can be workers, clients or pets. These accidents can result in serious even fatal injuries.


Falls are the most common type of injury that can happen on a construction site. Roofers are at the highest risk to sustain an accident due to a fall. The elevation roofers work at makes falls a not unexpected part of the job. However, because falls are so commonplace for roofers and other construction workers; some employers have introduced measures to reduce accidents:

  • Personal fall protection gear is widely used.
  • Safety training is offered, which includes safety measures for the use of ladders and scaffolds.
  • Some companies have in place a buddy system, where workers are partnered to help out each other.
  • Holes at the work site are covered and labeled.

Struck by an Object

Struck by an object can easily happen at a construction site. Imagine a worker is climbing a ladder, and he drops one of his tools.The homeowner is struck by the tool and winds up with a serious injury. This is one scenario out of a number of possible ones. There are ways to help lessen the number of struck by an object accidents from happening:

  • Encourage homeowners to keep their children, pets and themselves away from the construction site.
  • Be alert when you are walking in a construction site to avoid being hit by a falling object.
  • Wear bright clothes, so you can be easily spotted.
  • Keep materials neatly stored away, so they aren’t a hazard to others.

Caught in Between

Caught in between refers to safety measures you need to take before climbing into a trench or excavation at a construction site.The one thing better than knowing you can get into a trench safely, is knowing that you can get OUT safely! OSHA states “never enter an unprotected trench or excavation 5 feet or deeper without an adequate protective system in place. The protective measures that can be taken are either by sloping, shoring, benching or trench shield systems.


OSHA suggests a number of common sense steps you can take to avoid electrocution:

  • Locate and identify utilities before starting work.
  • Look for overhead power lines when operating any equipment.
  • Maintain a safe distance away from power lines, which is ten feet.
  • Do not operate portable electric tools unless they are grounded or double insulated.
  • Use ground-fault circuit interrupters for protection.
  • Be alert to electrical hazards when working with ladders, scaffolds or other platforms.